ABOUT NATIONAL PARK

Tadoba - Since 1955

There is a story that is told in these parts: the mythology of a man who became a deity. Taru, a Gond tribal, a respected village headman, encountered a mighty tiger at a lake near his village. A fierce battle ensued, though its conclusion is disputed: some say that Taru vanquished the tiger, others believe that it was Taru, despite his valiance, who was slain. At any rate, the man passed into legend. A shrine was erected in his honour and the lake, as well as the forests surrounding it, came to bear his name. Hence, from Taru, comes Tadoba. The Gond kings ruled over this area for several centuries, as they did much of central India. The Marathas established their rule in the the 18th century, followed by the British about a century later. Tadoba’s forests and grasslands became part of the ‘Raj’ and subject to its forest management practices. The protection of timber stocks was the primary interest, wildlife conservation followed incidentally. The area was declared a Reserved Forest in 1879. The shooting of tigers, except with ‘special permits’ was stopped in 1905. Restrictions were placed on the shooting of all animals in 1931. A total of 45 sq km surrounding the Tadoba lake was proclaimed a sanctuary in 1935. In 1942 the area was declared a game reserve, with Moharli, Karwa, Kalsa and Mul being the designated shooting blocks. Permits were issued to shoot tigers in the Karwa and Kalsa blocks.

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Tiger
Leopards
Other Wildlife
Black Leopards

Tadoba became one of India’s earliest national parks when it was so notified in 1955, the same year as Kanha. Yet its forests, grasslands and wildlife continued to suffer due to overexploitation, extensive cultivation, hunting and poaching. It was only in the 1970s that the four hunting blocks were finally closed for business, though illegal hunting continued. In 1986, 506.32 sq km of forest land adjoining the national park was notified as the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary. The national park and the wildlife sanctuary were finally merged in 1993 when Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR), spanning 622.87 sq km, was established.

The notification of the tiger reserve was, of course, only a beginning. The TATR that you see today, this internationally acclaimed biodiversity haven, is the legacy of all the dedicated forest officers, frontline forest staff, and members of NGOs and fringe communities that have worked over the decades to protect it. Sustained conservation efforts have led to the revival of tigers and other wildlife here. These have included the creation of undisturbed areas through the incentivised voluntary relocation of villages from inside the core area, grassland development to improve prey base populations, improving of water availability through water conservation measures, intensive monitoring of tigers, and most important, strong, sustained protection measures to safeguard wildlife from all threats.

Today, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve is regarded as one of the world’s most preferred tiger destinations, a glittering jewel in the Project Tiger crown. We are proud that our tigers (over 80 in the reserve and 200 in the larger landscape) are secure and able to multiply in the presence of humans. Thanks to the reserve’s functional connectivity with other protected areas in the central Indian tiger landscape, Tadoba’s tigers are now found restocking the gene pools of protected areas such as Navegaon-Nagzira, Umred-Karhandla and Tipeshwar, and forests as far afield as Kawal, Nagarjunsagar and Indravati. Tigers generate the most interest and occupy the top position in the food web but it is the forest in its entirety, all creatures great and small, that make this tiger reserve tick. Tadoba’s enchantment is in the southern tropical dry deciduous jungle with its myriad grasslands and waterbodies. It is in the groves of bamboo, a keystone plant in this landscape that supplements food availability for herbivores, keeps invasive weeds at bay, and serves as both safe harbour and ambush cover for different species. It is in the stunning variety of insect life and bird life: the azure dartlets and the harvestmen, the lesser adjutant storks and the oriental magpie-robins, the Tickell’s blue flycatchers and the Indian silverbills. It is in the prey species, the wild pigs and sambar and chital, and in the predators, the jungle cats and wild dogs, the leopards and the mugger crocodiles, and the mighty tigers.

Pench - Since 1975

Pench National Park is a national park in India's Madhya Pradesh state, established in 1975 with an area of 257.26 km2 (99.33 sq mi).[1] It includes Pench Tiger Reserve and derives its name from the Pench River that flows through the park from north to south dividing the park into almost equal western and eastern halves, the well-forested areas of Seoni and Chhindwara districts respectively. It was declared a sanctuary in 1965, raised to the status of national park in 1975 and enlisted as a tiger reserve in 1992. In 1983 it was declared as National Park. The park is home to around 40 Bengal tigers, 39 species of mammal, 13 species of reptile, 3 species of amphibian.Commonly seen wildlife is chital, sambar, nilgai, wild boar, and jackal. Also Indian leopard, sloth bear, indian wolf, wild dog, porcupine, monkeys, jungle cat, fox, striped hyena, gaur, four-horned antelope and barking deer live in the park.

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Tiger
Leopards
Other Wildlife
Black Leopards

Pench Tiger Reserve or Pench National Park is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the first one to straddle across two states - Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The reference to Pench is mostly to the tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh. The portion of the reserve that is in Madhya Pradesh is nestled in the southern slopes of the Satpura range of Central India. Pench Tiger Reserve comprises the Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, the Pench Mowgli Sanctuary and a buffer. It is the same forest area portrayed in the famous "The Jungle Book" by Rudyard Kipling.[2] It derives its name from its life line - the River Pench. Inside the park, the river flows from North to South before going on to join the Kanhan River, while splitting the Park into two, and forming the boundary of Seoni District and Chhindwara District districts of Madhya Pradesh. The Meghdoot dam built across Pench River at Totladoh has created a large water body of 72 km2 out of which 54 km2 falls in M.P. and the rest in the adjoining state of Maharashtra. The Pench River which emerges from Mahadeo Hills of Satpuda Ranges and the various nallas and streams which drain into it, all flow through the forests of the protected area. The Satpuda ranges which bear the forests of the Protected Area act as an excellent watershed area for the Totladoh as well as lower Pench Reservoirs.

Tipeshwar - Since 1997

Tipeshwar wildlife sanctuary is located in the District of Yavatmal in Maharashtra. Seated at 75 Km South-east to the city of Yavatmal and about 745 Km from Mumbai, site is located near the village "Tipeshwar" from which the sanctuary got it's name. The sanctuary was established in 1997 and spreads over 148 Sq. Km of forest.The sanctuary comprises of areas having rich and diverse plant communities. The major forest type existing in this Protected Areas is the ‘Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests’. Teak forms upto 60 percent of the crop composition. The main associates of teak that are found in these forests are Dhaoda, Ain, Achar, Mohuwa, Lendia, Bhirra, Tendu, Semal, Rohan, Tiwas, etc. Teak plantations are also found interspersed with the natural forest tracts. The Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is the home of many species including the endemic and endangered spices of this area inclding the Tigers, Panthers, Small Indian Civet Cat and Blackbuck. The avi-faunal diversity of the sanctuary is its most attractive and remarkable feature. There are more than 180 species of birds belonging to 46 families of 16 different orders, which have been found in the sanctuary. These include over 10 species of migratory birds and over 9 species of endangered birds, including the peafowl’s.The prominent herbs are namely Tarota (Cassia tora ), Tnella(Blumes obilisues), Tarwar (Cassia auriculata), Gokru(Tribulus terrestris), Wight(Flemengia bracteata), Vanbhendi(Urena lobata), Vetatri(Dischrostachy scinerea), Waghori (Capparis harrida). The Sanctuary is an abode of over 26 species of reptiles belonging to 11 families, out of which, 6 species are of endangered status, namely, Indian Cobra, India Rock Python, Rat snake, Russel’s viper, Checkerd keel back and Common Monitor Lizard.

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Tiger
Leopards
Other Wildlife
Black Leopards

There are plenty of rivers such as Purna, Krishna, Bhima and Tapti irrigate the sanctuary from entire angles. Having lots of water from all these rivers, it is also popularly known as Green Oasis located in Southern Maharashtra. The temperature of the area is very pleasant throughout the year. The tipeshwar wildlife sanctuary area is completely a basalt area that is constructed by the blast of lava a century back. This area is highly treasured for the diversity of wealthy flora such as herbs, grasses, bamboo forests and animal life.

This sanctuary is enclosed by numerous other widespread wildlife reserves such as Nagzira National Forest, Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, Bhamragarh Wildlife Reserve, Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park, Pench National Park, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary and Painganga National Park. Thus, tigers from these reserves generally live the Tipeshwar Wildlife Forest.